Libertarianism holds exactly one political position: no one may initiate coercion against an innocent person. This can be, but may not be limited to, physical aggression, threat of aggression, and fraud. From this insight that we ought not try to solve our problems through violence.
This philosophical principle is referred to as the "Non-Aggression Axiom" or the "Do No Harm Axiom".
Natural Rights are the rights all humans have due to our humanity. These unalienable Rights are innumerable. These natural rights can be stated from a secular or nonsecular viewpoint and as every school age child is taught among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness.
- Secular - Humans own their bodies and their minds. I move my muscles and I control my thoughts. What humans produce by the sweat of their brow, by the labor of their muscle and what humans create by the use of their mind is their property. Since humans own their bodies and minds no other human holds domain over them.
- Nonsecular - Since we humans are created in God's image and God is free so we are free. God has given us freedom to follow our pursuits.
Private Property - This natural right really is embodied in the above. Private property is necessary for human production for a person's means of survival.
Also see how other people define Libertarianism, click here.
The birth of America in the Declaration of Independence recognized that our rights come from within us. Rights are not given to us by a government!
We, the members of the Libertarian Party of Oregon, hold that all individuals have the right to exercise sole dominion over their own lives, and oppose the initiation of force or fraud as a means of achieving political or social goals. We are dedicated to the right of all individuals to live in whatever manner they choose, as long as they do not forcibly interfere with the right of others to live as they choose. Governments throughout history, including our own, have operated on the principle that the state has the right to control the lives of individuals and confiscate the fruits of their labor. All other political parties in this country grant government these powers. We, however, hold that governments, when instituted, have only one legitimate function: to protect the rights of the individual. We challenge the concept that governments have the right to become involved in any activity not directly related to the protection of individual rights. Governments should exist only to ensure the right to free speech and action, the right to own property, and the right to engage in voluntary contractual arrangements with other individuals. No individual should be forced by the State, or another person, to relinquish any portion of his or her life or property for the benefit of another person.